10.5. RSTR

Definition of the functor RSTR

The functor RSTR is a functor for a free modification further specifying the governing noun. The RSTR functor is assigned to such adnominal modifications that neither meet the conditions for being considered adverbal modifications nor do they belong among other (more clearly defined) adnominal modifications.

The functor RSTR is the least specific adnominal functor. We assign this functor to such adnominal modifications to which it would not be natural to assign a verbal functor and which do not fulfil the semantic requirements of other adnominal functors.

!!! The original plan to distinguish restrictive and descriptive adnominal modifications has been abandoned. Both types of modification are assigned the functor RSTR.

Valency. The RSTR modification is always a non-valency modification.

Forms. The basic forms of modifications with the functor RSTR are:

NB! The RSTR functor is also assigned to modifications dependent on certain proper nouns and names (for more see Section 8.2.1, "Specific rules for certain types of proper nouns"). Example:

Jablonec nad Nisou.RSTR (=Jablonec nad Nisou)

náměstí Míru.RSTR (=the Peace square)

Karlův.RSTR most (=Charles Bridge)

NB! The RSTR functor is also used when representing certain specific structures like addresses, laws and public notices; see Section 12.1, "Identification of statutes and regulations" and Section 12.2, "Addresses").

Figure 7.59. The RSTR functor

The RSTR functor

drsné počasí (=lit. rough weather)

10.5.1. Borderline cases with the functor RSTR

The functor RSTR is the least specific functor. We assign it in those cases when the semantics of the modification is not very specific, therefore, there are a number of borderline cases.

Border with the functor ID. The RSTR modification can get very close to the ID modification. In such cases it is important whether the given modification has regular inflected forms and also what is the nature of the given entity (person vs. thing). For more precise rules see Section 11.4, "Dependency relations in noun phrases (two nouns in the same form)". Compare:

  • město Bratislava.ID (=the city of Bratislava.NOM)

    Jedeme do města Bratislavy.RSTR (=We drive to the city of Bratislava.GEN)

  • město Groznyj.ID (=the city of Groznyj)

    Jedeme do města Groznyj.ID (=We drive to the city of Groznyj.)

  • kamarád.RSTR Jan (=(my) friend Jan)

    kamarád.RSTR John (=(my) friend John)

Border with the functor INTF. The functor RSTR can get close to the functor INTF, especially in those cases, where the modification is expressed by the pronoun ten (=the_one) (or on (=he)). For more on this see Section 7.2.1, "Borderline cases with the INTF functor".

Borders with the functors AUTH and APP. The functor RSTR borders on the adnominal functors AUTH and APP (in cases like: Karlova.RSTR knížka (=Charles' book) vs. Nezvalovy.AUTH básně (=Nezval's poems)). For more on this see Section 10.2.1, "Borderline cases with the functor AUTH".

Borders with adverbal functors. The functor RSTR borders on a number of other functors, mainly those of adverbal modifications - especially in those cases in which the modification is expressed by a prepositional phrase. No clear rules for determining the functor has been established so far. Generally, it can be said that the RSTR functor is assigned if it is not possible to assign a more specific functor.