5.4. COND

Definition of the COND functor

The COND functor (condition) is assigned to modifications that express a condition on which the event or state expressed by the governing word can happen.

The COND functor comprises all of the four traditionally distinguished types of condition:

!!! Originally, there was an idea to use the CTERF functor to label the unreal condition. This functor is not presently used in PDT but its use in the future is a matter of current consideration. Then, the COND functor will be used only with modifications that express the two types of real condition, while modifications with the CTERF functor will be used with both types of unreal condition. The current version of PDT represents all the four types of condition with the help of the COND functor. The conditional mood (typical for the unreal condition) is represented by the value cdn of the verbmod grammateme (see Section 5.9, "The verbmod grammateme (verbal modality)").

Forms. COND modifications are mostly realized by dependent clauses. Real condition is expressed by an indicative verb form and the conditional conjunctions -li (=if/in_case_of) , jestliže , když , pokud , or by a (present) conditional verb form and the conjunction kdyby. Unreal condition is expressd by a present or past conditional verb form and the conjunction kdyby. A special case of condition expressed by a verb is the condition expressed by the infinitive (and connected to the governing clause without a hypotactic conjunction). In case of semantic condensation, a modification with the COND functor can be expressed by a prepositional phrase and (rarely) also by an adverbial expression.

The basic forms of COND modifications are:

Figure 7.27. The COND functor

The COND functor

Jestliže nepůjde dobrovolně, použijeme násilí. (=lit. If (he) does_not_go willingly (we) shall_use force.)

5.4.1. Borderline cases with the COND functor

Borders with temporal functors. The modification with the COND functor borders especially on modifications expressing temporal meanings (see Section 3, "Temporal functors"), esp. when using ambiguous forms: the prepositions v+6, při+6 and the conjunction když (=when). In these cases it is necessary to decide whether the modifications only has a temporal meaning, or whether it expresses also a condition on realization of the event. Cf.:

  • Při včerejší návštěvě.TWHEN jsem ztratil knoflík.(=lit. During yesterday's visit (I) - lost (a) button.)

  • Při návštěvě.COND se chovej slušně. (=lit. When (on) (a) visit behave decently.)

  • Když kohout zakokrhal.TWHEN, začalo se rozednívat. (=lit. When (a) cock crowed (it) began - (to) dawn.)

  • Když bereš.COND tyto léky, nesmíš chodit na sluníčko. (=lit. If (you) take this medicine (you) must_not stay in (the) sun.)

Border with the ACMP functor. The COND functor can border on the ACMP functor (see Section 6.1, "ACMP"). See also Section 6.1.1, "Borderline cases with the ACMP functor".

Borders with the functors CONTRD and CONFR. A hypotactically expressed confrontation (otherwise represented with the help of the CONFR functor; see Section 12.1.2, "CONFR"), i.e. confrontation expressed by means of the hypotactic conjunctions jestliže(=if/in_case_of), -li and když, is represented as a false conditional clause. If the hypotactic conjunction zatímco (=while) ) is used instead, the CONTRD functor is assigned (see Section 9.2, "CONTRD"). For the borders between the functors COND, CONFR and CONTRD see Section 9.2.1, "Borderline cases with the functor CONTRD" and also Section 5.4.2, "False dependent conjunctional clauses".