Main Research Interests
General linguistics, theoretical linguistics, computational linguistics, Czech and English studies, language engineering, discourse structure, prosody, corpus linguistics.
Eva Hajičová, born August 23, 1935, is a professor of linguistics at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague. She graduated in English and Czech at the Faculty of Philosophy of Charles University and got her PhD degree as well as the highest academic degree of DrSc in general and computational linguistics at the same University. Her interests cover theoretical linguistics as well as computational applications; she has concentrated on the semantic structure of the sentences, on the discourse phenomena and on different topics in computational linguistics.
She is/was a member of a number of editorial boards of international journals (Journal of Pragmatics, Computers and Artificial Intelligence, Linguistica Pragensia, Kybernetika) and she was the editor-in-chief of Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics. She was the first president of the European Chapter of the Association of Computational Linguistics (1982-1987) and the president of the international Association for Computational Linguistics in 1998; she was the President of the Societas Linguistica Europaea, 2006-2007, and since 1978 she is a member of the International Committee of Computational Linguistics.
She was the chairperson of the Prague Linguistic Circle (1997 – 2006), she is a Fellow of the Association of Computational Linguistics and a honorary member of Societas Linguistica Europaea and she is a member of several Czech scientific societies.
She was awarded the international Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize in 1995, the Medal of the Minister of Education of Czech Republic in recognition of the pedagogical and scientific work in computational linguistics in 2003 and the ACL Life Achievement Award in 2006. In 2017 she received the Josef Hlávka Medal awarded to Czech scientists in recognition of their life-time achievements in science and arts, and in 2018 she received the international Antonio Zampolli Prize for outstanding contributions to the advancement of language resources and language technology evaluation within human language technologies.
She is an elected member of the Learned Society of Czech Republic (since 2004).
In 2023, she was awarded the British Academy Neil and Saras Smith Medal for lifetime achievement in the study of linguistics.
She (co-)authored several books (published both in Prague and abroad) on theoretical and computational linguistics, esp.
- A Functional Approach to Syntax. New York: American Elsevier 1969.
- Topic, Focus and Generative Semantics. Kronberg/Taunus: Scriptor 1973.
- Negation and Presupposition in the Semantic Structure of the Sentence (in Czech). Prague: Academia 1975.
- The Meaning of the Sentence in Its Semantic and Pragmatic Aspects. Dordrecht: Reidel 1986.
- Issues of Sentence Structure and Discourse Patterns. Prague: Charles University, 1993.
- Text- and Inference-Based Approach to Question Answering. Charles University, Prague, 1995.
- Topic-Focus Articulation, Tripartite Structures and Semantic Content. Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1998.
- Discourse and Coherence. UFAL, Prague, 2015.
- Syntax – Semantics Interface. Karolinum, Prague, 2017.
She is an author of 540 publications (6686 quotations), mostly in international linguistic and AI journals, and her H-index is 34 (Google Scholar, to the date of Sept. 14, 2018).