8. Quasi-complex nodes

nodetype = qcomplex

Quasi-complex nodes are a special type of nodes that occupy the same position (have the same functor) as complex nodes but they have no grammatemes, since lexical units corresponding to these nodes have no morphological categories. They are either newly established nodes occupying positions of all kinds of modifications, or they are nodes representing punctuation and other symbols present at the surface level. Both newly established nodes and nodes representing symbols present at the surface level have t-lemma substitutes, such as:

For the description of the functors just mentioned, see Section 4, "T-lemma substitutes".

Quasi-complex nodes are defined by a t-lemma, functor and other attributes; they have no grammatemes.