4.3. DIR3

Definition of the DIR3 functor

The DIR3 fnctor (directional: to) is a functor for a free modification that specifies the direction (it answers the question "where to?"), i.e. it expresses the target point of the event.

Subfunctors. The DIR3 functor is further specified by subfunctors. See Section 13.1.6, "The subfunctors with the DIR3 functor".

Valency. DIR3 modifications are obligatory for many verbs, esp. for verbs of motion with the prefix do-, na-, při- and v- (e.g. doběhnout (=to_run_in), doputovat (=to_reach sth. by travelling), nahnat (=to_drive), namontovat (=to_install), přijít (=to_come), přičlenit (=to_annex), vhodit (=to_insert/throw_in), vklouznout (=to_slip_in)). With verbs of movement with the prefix pře-, DIR3 modifications are obligatory together with DIR1 modifications (přemístit (=to_relocate), přesadit (=to_transplant), přesídlit (=to_resettle)). With some verbs, obligatory DIR3 modifications alternate with obligatory LOC modifications (e.g. odevzdat knihy v knihovně.LOC (=lit. to_hand_in (the) books in (a) library) / do knihovny.DIR3 (=to (a) library)).

Forms. The basic forms of DIR3 modifications are:

Agreeing form of an adjective. With nouns denoting events (nouns ending with -ní and ; see Section, "Functors assigned to the non-valency modifications of nouns referring to events"), DIR3 modifications can also be expressed by agreeing forms of adjectives.


zpětné.DIR3 získání celého podílu (=lit. retrogressive acquisition (of) (the) whole share)

Figure 7.22. The DIR3 functor

The DIR3 functor

Odjela za manželem. (=lit. (She) left for husband.)

4.3.1. Borderline cases with the DIR3 functor

Borders with other locative or directional functors. DIR3 modifications border on other locative or directional functors. For details see Section 4.4, "LOC".

Border with the INTT functor. The DIR3 functor can also border on the INTT functor (intention, see Section 5.5, "INTT"). For details see Section 5.5.1, "Borderline cases with the INTT functor ".