Main Research Interests
General linguistics, theoretical linguistics, computational linguistics,
Czech and English studies, language engineering, discourse structure,
prosody, corpus linguistics.
Eva Hajičová, born August 23, 1935, is a professor of linguistics at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague. She graduated in English and Czech at the Faculty of Philosophy of Charles University and got her PhD degree as well as the highest academic degree of DrSc in general and computational linguistics at the same University. Her interests cover theoretical linguistics as well as computational applications; she has concentrated on the semantic structure of the sentences, on the discourse phenomena and on different topics in computational linguistics.
She is a member of a number of editorial boards of international journals (Journal of Pragmatics, Computers and Artificial Intelligence, Linguistica Pragensia, Kybernetika) and the editor-in-chief of Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics. She was the first president of the European Chapter of the Association of Computational Linguistics (1982-1987) and the president of the international Association for Computational Linguistics in 1998; she is the President of the Societas Linguistica Europaea, 2006-2007, and the vice-president of the International Committee of Computational Linguistics.
She was awarded the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize in 1995, the Medal of the minister of Education of Czech Republic in recognition of the pedagogical and scientific work in computational linguistics, 2003 and the ACL Life Achievement Award 2006.
She is an elected member of the Learned Society of Czech Republic (since 2004).
She (co-)authored and (co-)edited several books (published both in Prague and abroad) on theoretical and computational linguistics, esp.
- A Functional Approach to Syntax. New York: American Elsevier 1969;
- Topic, Focus and Generative Semantics, Kronberg/Taunus: Scriptor 1973;
- Negation and Presupposition in the Semantic Structure of the Sentence (in Czech), Prague: Academia 1975;
- The Meaning of the Sentence in Its Semantic and Pragmatic Aspects, Dordrecht: Reidel 1986;
- Issues of Sentence Structure and Discourse Patterns, Prague: Charles University, 1993.
- Text- and Inference-Based Approach to Question Answering, Charles University, Prague, 1995.
- Topic-Focus Articulation, Tripartite Structures and Semantic Content, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1998.
She is an author of more than 200 scientific papers, mostly in international linguistic and AI journals.