SIS code: 
Semester: 
winter
E-credits: 
3
Examination: 
2/0 Zk
Instructor: 

Introduction to formal linguistics

 

Lecture topics:

  • Introduction

    • Intro: description and objectives of the course, lecture topics, course completion requirements

    • Basic terms

       

  • Structuralist tradition in European linguistics
    • Ferdinand de Saussure and his Course in General Linguistics: core dichotomies (langue vs. parole, language sign, syntagmatic vs. associative relations, synchrony vs. diachrony)

    • Prague School of linguistics: linguists and topics of the "classical" period, Prague Linguistic Circle

 

  • Functional Generative Description – Part 1
    • functional approach to language, function-form correlation
    • multi-layered description of the language system

 

  • Functional Generative Description – Part 2
    • dependency approach to syntax based on valency theory
    • topic-focus articulation

 

  • Functional Generative Description – Part 3
    • FGP as the theoretical framework for annotation scenarios of Prague Dependency Treebanks, multi-lingual language data resources

 

  • Meaning-Text Theory
    • layers of language system
    • dependency approach
    • lexical functions

 

  • Transformational Generative Grammar by Noam Chomsky – Part 1
    • competence vs performance, language faculty
    • application of formal grammar to natural languages, generation of sentences, transformations

 

  • Transformational Generative Grammar by Noam Chomsky – Part 2
    • Lexicalist Hypothesis
    • X-bar Theory

 

  • Transformational Generative Grammar by Noam Chomsky – Part 3
    • Government & Binding Theory
    • core info on Minimalism

 

  • Charles Fillmore
    • Case Grammar
    • Frame Semantics
    • FrameNet database

 

  • Construction grammar

 

  • Summary
    • In-class exam