11.2. Dual function of a single modification

In those structures in which a modification has a dual (or multiple) function (i.e. it modifies several elements at the same time but it is expressed only once for stylistic or other reasons), such a modification depends on the node representing the lowest potentially modified element and it is assigned a functor that corresponds to its actual position. There is no explicit indication that the modification has a dual function. Cf.:

It is necessary to distinguish modifications with a dual function and modifications without a dual function. Cf.:

A modification with a dual function can represent a valency modification of one or both of its governing elements. In such a case it is also represented at the lowest possible position in the structure. If a valency modification is missing, then, a newly established node with the t-lemma substitute #PersPron is added to the tree and the (textual) coreference relation to the modification present in the surface structure is marked in the tree (see also Section 3, "Textual coreference"). Cf.:

Figure 6.187. Dual function of a single modification

Dual function of a single modification

Koupila jsem si pásek za sedmdesát korun (=lit. (I) bought - myself (a) belt for seventy crowns.)

Figure 6.188. Dual function of a single modification

Dual function of a single modification

Splatil dluhy pojišťovně (=lit. (He) paid_off (his) debts (to) (the) insurance_company.)

For details on a dual function of valency modifications of complex predicates see Section, "Dual function of a valency modification of the complex predicate".