The basic values of the
aspect grammateme are represented in Table 5.13, "Values of the
Table 5.13. Values of the
progressive, imperfective aspect
complex, perfective aspect
The aspect grammateme is a tectogrammatical correlate of the morpho-lexical category of aspect and is relevant for:
semantic verbs (
v; see Section 6.4, "Semantic verbs").
The value of the grammateme usually corresponds to the value of the morpho-lexical category of aspect. Examples:
Nejraději kupuje / nakupuje nábytek. [
proc] (=He likes to buy furniture best)
Koupil / nakoupil už vše potřebné. [
cpl] (=He already bought everything he needed)
One of the values is assigned also to the so called double-aspect verbs. In those cases, when it is impossible to choose one of the values, the assigned value is
For more details, see Section 6.4.4, "Values of the aspect grammateme".