Brackets. Brackets are interpreted (with the exception of the case shown below) as marking parenthesis. Text within brackets is annotated according to the rules shown in Section 7, "Parenthesis".
Exception: Only in the case where the full form represented by an abbreviation is given before the abbreviation in brackets (and vice versa), the text within brackets is treated as a paratactically connected constituent (in apposition) and it is not represented as in parenthesis.
Examples: ČD (České dráhy) (=CR (Czech Railways)) nebo České dráhy (ČD) (=Czech Railways (CR)) .
Dashes. The functions of dashes delimiting a text can vary. In a number of cases text between dashes is treated as in parenthesis (for the rules, see Section 7, "Parenthesis"); in other cases dashes are treated as co-ordinating connectives (see Section 16, "Co-ordinating connectives and operators").