Multi-word t-lemmas are, in some cases, assigned to nodes representing multi-word (complex) lexical units. Multi-word t-lemmas contain all components of a given lexical unit (relevant at the tectogrammatical level); the components are connected by the underscore mark.
The following cases are represented by a single node with a multi-word t-lemma:
verbs the inherent part of which is the reflexive "se" or "si".
T-lemmas assigned to verbs containing the reflexive se or si as their inherent part (for more details see Section 14, "The expressions "se" and "si""), are of the form: infinitive + se or si.
Examples:
smát se (=laugh REFL) is represented by a single node with the t-lemma smát_se;
setkat se (=meet) → setkat_se.
complex conjunctions and conjunction pairs.
Examples:
buď (=either) - nebo (=or) is represented by a single node with the t-lemma buď_nebo;
jak (=as) - tak (=so) → jak_tak (=both...and);
a nebo (=or; literally and_or) → a_nebo .
For more details see Section 16.1, "Co-ordinating connectives".
complex operators.
Examples:
od (=from) - do (=to) is represented by a single node with the t-lemma od_do;
od (=from) - přes (=via) - do (=to) → od_přes_do.
For more details see Section 16.2, "Operators".
numbers with the function of a "label".
Examples of numbers with the function of a "label" (often having more parts) are telephone numbers, post codes etc. (see Section 10.1.3, "Numerals with the function of a "label"").
Examples:
420 987 596 281 is represented by a single node with the t-lemma 420_987_596_281;
278 11 → 278_11.
expressions of the form 'number+adjective'.
Examples:
41 letý (=forty-one_years_old) is represented by a single node with the t-lemma 41_letý;
12 procentní (=12 per_cent.adj) → 12_procentní;
35 stupňové (=35 degree.adj) → 35_stupňový;
90 kilometrová (=90 kilometer.adj) → 90_kilometrový;
28 členná (=28 member.adj) → 28_členný;
200 hektarový (=200 hectare.adj) → 200_hektarový.
surnames containing "van", "von", "de" etc.
Examples:
van Gogh is represented by a single node with the t-lemma van_Gogh;
de Vito → de_Vito;
von Ryanův (=von Ryan's) → von_Ryan.
dependent parts of idiomatic expressions.
A special case of complex expressions are dependent parts of idiomatic expressions consisting of more than one component (the functor is DPHR
; see Section 8, "Idioms (phrasemes)"): the t-lemma of such a complex expression consists of all the dependent parts (incl. prepositions), linked by the underscore mark, the order being identical to the surface word order.
Examples:
nohy na ramena (=lit. legs on shoulders), as the dependent part of the idiom vzít nohy na ramena (= lit. take legs on shoulders, meaning: to escape quickly), is represented by a single node with the t-lemma nohy_na_ramena;
(běhá) mráz po zádech (= lit. (run) frost on (sb's) back, běhá mi z toho mráz po zádech meaning: it gives me the creeps) → mráz_po_zádech;
(mít) hluboko do kapsy (=lit. (have) deep into (one's) pocket, meaning: to be poor) → hluboko_do_kapsy.
For more details see Section 8, "Idioms (phrasemes)".